2016 national energy work will be held in Beijing, reporters at the conference that, at present, China's installed capacity of renewable energy accounted for 24% of the global total, accounting for the global new installed in increments of 42%, has become the world's energy conservation and utilization of new energy and renewable energy superpower.
The National Energy Board Secretary Nur Bekri said at the meeting in 2016, energy work will be to improve the quality and efficiency of energy development, efforts to promote structural optimization and industrial upgrading, efforts to enhance the ability of innovation and development, and strive to build a low-carbon, safe and efficient modern system of clean energy, promote economic and social development of the line steady zhiyuan.
The scale of nuclear power construction in the world ranks first in the world
Reporters learned that, in 2015, the overall energy supply is stable throughout the year, the supply and demand of energy is more relaxed. Total energy production is expected to total 35.8 tons of coal, down 0.5%, of which 37.5 tons of coal output, crude oil output of 2.1 tons, 136 billion cubic meters of natural gas production, an increase of 3.5%. Total energy consumption of 43 tons of standard coal, an increase of 0.9%; total electricity consumption of 5 trillion and 550 billion kwh, an increase of 0.5%. Non fossil energy consumption accounted for 12%, an increase of 0.8 percentage points over the previous year.
At the same time, China's clean energy has developed rapidly, and the energy structure has been further optimized. By the end of 2015, hydropower, wind power and photovoltaic power generation installations were expected to reach 320 million KW, 120 million KW and 43 million KW respectively. The total installed capacity of renewable energy power generation reached 480 million kilowatts.
Nuclear power has also achieved safe and efficient development. Nur Bekri said, 2015 new production of nuclear power units 8 million 200 thousand kilowatts, 8 million 800 thousand kilowatts of nuclear power units approved to start. The national nuclear power unit has reached 25 million 500 thousand kilowatts, with 32 million 30 thousand KW under construction and approved units, and the scale of construction is the first in the world.
Promote the upgrading of coal energy conservation, a total capacity of 180 million kilowatts, energy-saving ultra-low emission transformation capacity of 78 million 470 thousand kilowatts; at the same time, the elimination of backward thermal power units 4 million 230 thousand kilowatts, the pollution control in key areas of Beijing Tianjin Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and other air accounted for 38%; more than 1000 coal mine, the elimination of backward production capacity of over 70 million tons.
Upgrade the quality of oil products, study and formulate the "speed up the upgrade the quality of oil products work programme", to promote the country VI gasoline and diesel fuel oil and marine national mandatory standard system revision, implementation of the financial discount. At present, Beijing and Tianjin have fully supplied V standard gasoline and diesel. Since January 1, 2016, all 11 eastern provinces and cities, including Hebei and Shandong, will supply V gasoline and diesel vehicles in full supply ahead of schedule.
Five major challenges urgently need to break through
"The new trends and new changes in domestic and international energy development comprehensive analysis," 13th Five-Year "period of China's energy development is also facing many contradictions and problems." Nur Bekri said.
First, the traditional energy overcapacity exacerbate contradictions. From 1 to November this year, steel, building materials industry coal consumption fell by 3.2% and 8.2%, respectively, and electricity consumption fell by 6.4% and 8.4% respectively. Coal may be faced with overcapacity over the long term, the signs of excess power is becoming increasingly evident. Crude oil processing capacity of more than 7 tons, production capacity utilization rate of less than 70%. If we do not pay attention to grasp the market trends and laws, and one-sided pursuit of capacity expansion, it will cause more and more serious overcapacity situation in the future.
Two, the overall efficiency of the energy system needs to be improved. Energy system peak capacity is insufficient, the power system mainly depends on the thermal power unit load, consumptive renewable energy access ability is poor, low system efficiency and low pollution emissions; the construction of natural gas storage and peak lag. Energy demand side response mechanism and capacity building need to be strengthened.
Three, renewable energy development is faced with bottleneck constraints. The "Three North" region abandoned the wind, abandoned the light and abandoned the water in Southwest China. The rate of abandoned air in some areas exceeded 30%, and the problem of abandoning the light in the northwest began to appear. "13th Five-Year" period, hydropower, wind power and photovoltaic power generation capacity will further expand the scale of renewable energy consumption to face more pressure.
Four is the terminal energy consumption, clean replacement task is arduous. The implementation of natural gas and electricity instead of fossil fuels such as coal and oil is an important way to achieve energy saving and emission reduction and structural optimization. By restricting the substitution of natural gas prices, gas pipelines and other institutional factors, the market supply capacity of low level rich phenomenon, develop the market pressure; power alternative is also facing restriction cost, infrastructure, technology and other factors.
Five, the problem of resources and environment constraints is more prominent. The distribution of water resources and fossil energy is reverse. The main producing areas of coal and oil concentrate in the water shortage area. 14 large coal bases have 11 water shortages, and water resources have become an important constraint for energy development. Air pollution and climate change situation is grim, haze has become a hot issue that affects the public mind and body health and social concern. Speeding up the adjustment of energy structure and increasing the supply of clean energy are imminent.
New coal mines stopped and approved within 3 years
Nur Bekri said in 2016 energy development will be to further optimize the structure of energy, the total energy consumption more effectively control energy supply security, the ability to further strengthen and further improve energy efficiency as the main target.
Specifically, in 2016, the proportion of non fossil energy consumption to primary energy consumption should reach 13.2%, the proportion of coal consumption will be reduced to less than 62.6%, and the proportion of natural gas consumption will be increased to 6.2%. The proportion of non fossil power generating equipment will be increased to 35.7%, of which the proportion of wind power will be increased to 8.6%, and the proportion of solar power will be increased to 3.9%. Energy efficiency, coal-fired power plants per kilowatt hour coal consumption 315 grams of standard coal, down 1 grams. The rate of abandoning wind and abandoning light decreased obviously.
In order to ensure the achievement of the target, in 2016, we will co-ordinate, optimize, increase and adjust the stock, and strive to build a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy supply system. In the field of non fossil energy, the development of wind power and solar energy will be accelerated. Promote Ximeng, Zhundong, Shanxi Province, Zhangjiakou three wind power base construction plan, accelerating the development of offshore wind power. We will promote the construction of the first batch of 1 million KW solar thermal power demonstration projects, and explore the technology path of thermal power generation for our country. In 2016, the new installed capacity of wind power has reached more than 20 million kilowatts, and the installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation has reached more than 15 million kilowatts. At the same time, a number of new coastal nuclear power projects will be approved and promoted. Start construction of CAP1400 demonstration project.
In the field of fossil energy, coal power will be developed in an orderly way. Nur Bekri said, will establish a risk warning mechanism construction of coal, red and yellow warning provinces, a ban on new coal-fired power plants; on the existence of redundant power provinces according to the actual situation, do not have to cancel a number of coal power project approval conditions, suspended a number of coal power project approval, approved a number of coal power project installation. At the same time, strict control of new coal production capacity, in principle, from 2016 onwards, 3 years suspended new coal mine project approval. In addition, we will actively promote the unification of gas rights and mineral rights in coal mines, break through the bottleneck of shale gas and coal-bed methane development, and promote large-scale development and utilization.
Promoting clean and efficient use of energy is also the only way to adhere to the green and low-carbon development. The reporter learned that, in the use of clean coal, coal in 2016 will increase in proportion, strengthen coal processing, reduce the ash and sulfur content, improve the quality of coal products. To increase coal control efforts; and for renewable energy, will work on the use of innovation, promote the 100% renewable energy demonstration county construction, actively carry out wind power heating hydrogen production demonstration, to explore new business models of wind power, photovoltaic and other renewable energy utilization in the.
The fundamental change of energy consumption, supply and technology must be based on the corresponding institutional mechanism". On the one hand, we must continue to deepen market-oriented reforms and restore the commodity attributes of energy. On the other hand, we should deepen decentralization and accelerate the reform of the government itself." Nur Bekri said, in addition to grasp the comprehensive power system reform pilot and special reform pilot, will steadily push forward the reform of petroleum and natural gas exploration and development, promoting access, separating and other key aspects of the reform, to promote fair and open oil and gas pipeline network, to promote the perfection of oil price mechanism, improve market access mechanism.