168 times, this is the "12th Five-Year" period, the scale of China's PV installed capacity growth rate. 12 years ago, China's first commercial photovoltaic solar power station was put into operation, with a total installed capacity of 100 kilowatts. Nowadays, PV has become the fastest renewable energy source in our country. By the end of 2015, China's total installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation was 43 million 180 thousand kilowatts, surpassing Germany and becoming the largest country in the world's installed capacity and power generation capacity of photovoltaic power generation. In the first half of this year, China's new PV installed more than 20 million kilowatts.
Photovoltaic industry is a strategic new industry of semiconductor technology and new energy. It is one of the focuses of comprehensive national power in the world today. Photovoltaic power generation is the fastest power generation technology with the lowest cost of electricity generation in the past five years.
After years of development, China PV has made remarkable achievements. "China's photovoltaic industry has made full use of its own advantages, and has made breakthroughs, and gradually occupy the international competitive advantage, with the global advanced level of synchronization, the core equipment level continues to improve."." Wu Shengwu, deputy director of the Ministry of information industry and electronic information division revealed that the first half of 2016, domestic polysilicon production 100 thousand tons, accounting for 52% of total world production, the new grid installed worldwide increase of more than 50%, China is the most important in the manufacturing of photovoltaic application and further consolidate the market position.
At the same time, the "12th Five-Year" period, China's silicon thin film, significantly enhance the level of crystal silicon solar cell conversion efficiency, the realization of the 20% industry, photovoltaic modules and system cost is decreased by more than 70% at the end of 11th Five-Year, the completion of 100 MW grid connected photovoltaic power station, master the high density multi access photovoltaic design integration technology. A photovoltaic product testing and testing technology research and application platform etc..
However, the development of China's PV industry is not smooth sailing. Once upon a time, relying on cost advantages and policy support, China's photovoltaic products quickly occupied the market, almost all photovoltaic enterprises are unable to wait to expand production capacity. However, in 2012, the European and American countries introduced photovoltaic "double reverse" policy, resulting in blind expansion of China's photovoltaic enterprises suffered heavy losses. That year, the domestic photovoltaic enterprises across the board losses, 11 listed companies in the United States liabilities of nearly 150 billion yuan, more than half of enterprises discontinued or semi production, some key enterprises are facing bankruptcy, bankruptcy risk.
In China's photovoltaic industry crisis continues to deteriorate, on July 2013, the State Council "on the promotion of photovoltaic industry healthy development of a number of opinions" timely release, photovoltaic industry re rise of the curtain officially opened. Immediately, the relevant departments to actively implement the "opinions", supporting measures have been improved, photovoltaic trade disputes have been properly disposed of.
China's photovoltaic industry to ashes. Since 2013, China's photovoltaic power generation for 3 consecutive years of newly installed capacity of more than 10 million kilowatts; in 2015, China's new PV installed capacity of 15 million 130 thousand kilowatts, accounting for more than 1/4 of the global new installed, China accounted for 1/3 of the annual output of the photovoltaic battery component. At the same time, photovoltaic enterprise capacity utilization has been effectively improved, industrial scale steady growth, technological progress, corporate profitability improved.
Timely opening of the domestic market provides an important market support for China's photovoltaic industry. Liu Danyang, deputy director of the trade relief Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce, told reporters: "without the start of the domestic market, it is difficult for our polysilicon enterprises to find a suitable consumption market with a capacity of nearly 200 thousand tons.". If there is no domestic polysilicon enterprises, the domestic photovoltaic power plant is also difficult to find large volume of raw material suppliers".
Data show that in 2015 the proportion of domestic sales of photovoltaic has exceeded 40%. In the construction of photovoltaic power plants, in 2015 the country's total installed capacity of photovoltaic power over 1 million kilowatts of the provinces reached 11. In the west, the situation of "installing machines alone" is changing, and it has shown a common pattern of development in the East, central and Western regions. As of 2015, the central and eastern regions had 6 provinces with a total installed capacity of more than 1 million kilowatts. Among them, the proportion of distributed PV is increasing rapidly.
At the same time, the photovoltaic application mode gradually diversified, although the large ground station still occupy China's PV installed more than 80% of the total, but in 2015 the photovoltaic power generation has formed a diversified pattern, industrial plants, public buildings, and residents to carry out the application of a variety of thousands of households in many parts of the distribution, agriculture, fishery, photovoltaic and ecological management combination especially the photovoltaic power generation and combination of poverty, the new model has opened up various photovoltaic industry with applications.
After the establishment of scale advantages, China's photovoltaic industry is continuing to tackle "technological heights"". June 13, 2016, the National Energy Board issued, in 2016 the country's new photovoltaic power plant construction scale of 18 million 100 thousand kilowatts. Among them, the photovoltaic leading technology base, scale 5 million 500 thousand kilowatts. This means that China's photovoltaic industry is from the past to pursue the size of the installation, and in turn pay more attention to product quality.
The National Energy Bureau of new energy and renewable energy secretary Zhu Ming said, "13th Five-Year will be a crucial period for the development of China's photovoltaic industry, our main task is to hand through the competition in the market allocation of resources, and constantly promote the rise and fall of the cost of photovoltaic power generation and the level of technology, to realize the self sustainable development. On the other hand, through the micro grid, new energy demonstration city, vigorously promote the development of distributed photovoltaic demonstration work, and strive to "13th Five-Year" at the end of the distributed utilization become one of the main forms of application of photovoltaic products.
"" 13th Five-Year "period, China year will add 15 million kilowatts to 20 million kilowatts of photovoltaic power generation, continue to maintain strong growth in the world's most." National energy secretary Nur Bekri stressed.